In the Fourth Schedule of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999, the functions of local government councils are deemed to be either exclusive to it or are to be carried out in conjunction with the State governments within which they domicile.
Functions of local government include:
- Collection of rates, radio and television licenses
- Establishment and maintenance of cemeteries, burial grounds and homes for the destitute.
- Establishment, maintenance and regulation of slaughter houses, slaughter slabs, markets, motor parks.
- Construction and maintenance of roads, streets, street lighting; drains and other public highways, parks, garden, open spaces or such public facilities as may be prescribed from time to time by the House of Assembly of a State.
- Provision and maintenence of public conveniences. Sewage and refuse disposal.
- Assessment of privately owned houses or tenement for the purpose of levying such rates as may be prescribed by the House of Assembly.
- Control and regulation of (i) outdoor advertising and boarding (ii) movement and keeping of pets of all descriptions shops and kiosks (iv) restaurants, bakeries, and other places for sale of food to the public (v) laundries (vi) licensing, regulation and control of sale of liquor
- Licensing of bicycles, trucks, (other than commercially propelled trucks), canoes, barrows and carts.
According to No 2 of the 4th Schedule, local government councils also perform other functions concurrently with the state government. Below are the functions:
- The provision and maintenance of primary, adult and vocational education;
- The development of agricultural and natural resources, other than the exploration of minerals.
- The provision and maintenance of health services; and
- Other such functions as may be considered for a local government council by the House of Assembly of a State.
Compiled by: ‘Tunde Ogunmola